Christmas arrives and with them the celebrations, which translates into an excess of food, alcohol, sugars and fats. But eating and drinking in large quantities is not only reflected in an increase in kilos, it also affects the state and health of our skin. In addition, Raquel Novo, head of service of Dermatology, University Hospital HM Montepríncipe and University Hospital Puerta del Sur, says that there are other factors like the stress , lack of sleep and the cold that contribute to the skin is altered more easily.

Novo warns that excess alcohol causes dehydration of the skin, an effect that doubles with heating and cold temperatures. In addition, he adds that this substance dilates the facial capillaries producing the appearance of redness and worsening the pictures of rosacea or telangiectasia.

Regarding food, we must bear in mind that we are what we eat. Copious foods rich in fats and sweets affect the digestion process and consequently the skin. The specialist of the University Hospital Puerta del Sur reports that the excess of sugars triggers the process of glycation , causing “damage to elastic fibers and collagen , which, although it can not be perceived in a few days, does add to the process of aging of the skin, producing a lack of smoothness and flaccidity “. In addition, ” sugar causes inflammation at the level of the skin, this causes liquids to accumulate , for example, in the area around the eyes, resulting in pocketsand dark circles, “adds Lola García, member of Dermopharmacy of the Official Association of Pharmacists of Seville .

Sleep and stress also damage the appearance of the skin. Sleeping little, in addition to producing the odious and unsightly dark circles, subtract illumination to the skin and makes it look duller, since during sleep is when the repair process is activated. Stress, on the other hand, increases the sebaceous secretion and can lead to the appearance of small pimples or acne , especially in people with a tendency to it.

How to prevent skin damage

In order to prevent, it is best to control the excesses by limiting the consumption of alcohol, fats and sweets, but without having to give them up. Lola García recommends compensating the days of excesses with fruits and vegetables, depurative broths, infusions and natural juices rich in vitamin C , increasing the water intake to about 2 liters per day. In addition, the specialist of the Official Association of Pharmacists of Seville advocates the use of food supplements rich in antioxidants (vitamin C, E, flavonoids such as resveratrol …), minerals ( magnesium , copper, zinc, among others) and essential fatty acids ( omega-3 , omega-6 and omega-9).

Likewise, both experts recommend during these days the use of serums and moisturizing and nourishing creams as something indispensable; Revitalizing masks and peels based on vitamin C -which provide immediate luminosity- and decongestant patches to attenuate eye bags. In addition, it is essential not to skip, under any circumstances, the hygiene of the face, they say . “In these days that we make up more, it is even more important to cleanse the skin with the right product, morning and night,” says García.