At first glance it seems an easy question, one of those things that you seem obliged to know, of which also have a simple answer. But surely you have asked yourself that question more than once, looking at yourself in the mirror, waiting for an answer, as if it were Snow White’s magic mirror. And the answer is not so clear, it is not always easy to determine, since each skin is a world and, in addition, it changes over time .

Normal skin

This type of skin has a regular texture and has no imperfections . In addition, it has a smooth and clean appearance without having to do anything. “It is characterized because it does not have brightness and the pore is small. People who have this type of skin have a pink and uniform tone, “explains Viro.

Normal skin is probably the easiest to treat, since it does not need special attention. Although, do not be too careless, because although you do not need as much care as others, you also have to pay attention, since over time tend to become dry skin.

Sánchez Viera points out that the skin requires toning and cleansing , as well as moisturizing cream day and night, to protect and moisturize the epidermis. “You have to use a rich lotion cream, but easily absorbed, that softens the touch of the skin, deeply moisturizes and soothes extremely dry skin,” he says.

Although normal skin does not present any particular problem, it is essential to have specific care to avoid damage due to external factors such as sun exposure or natural aging.

Mixed skin

As the same word says, this type of skin is between normal skin and oily skin . The most fatty area usually corresponds to the T zone (forehead, nose and chin), while in the cheeks the skin is between normal or dry.

Both experts agree that this type of skin is the most difficult to care for due to its mix of characteristics . It is necessary to achieve a correct hydration and at the same time that does not generate sebum and treat the zones separately, so as not to mix them. It is advisable to perform a exfoliation and nourishing mask once a week.

Oily skin

People who have oily skin have a bright appearance on the entire face, due to the high production of sebum . The biggest problem with this type of skin is grains and blackheads. The specialist in dermopharmacy says that “they are characterized by having a very dilated pore and a sallow appearance.”

Excess sebum requires a routine and specific products . Oily skin should be exfoliated often to prevent dirt. There are several causes and factors that can cause excess fat in the face: hormonal imbalance, genetic inheritance, age, climate, diet and lifestyle among others, explains Sánchez. “The ideal thing to put an end to this type of problem is to unmask the cause through an in-depth diagnosis and follow a specific treatment, as well as avoiding fried foods and saturated fats,” he says.

Dry Skin

Dry skin is characterized by a lack of moisture in it, which gives a feeling of tightness and stiffness . It can be peeled and they look dull and white, and a rough touch. Sometimes it tends to have spots and sometimes it seems older than it really is, in addition to being very affected by climate changes.

To treat this type of skin, both experts recommend a good hydration with moisturizers . These cosmetics contain essential fatty acids and antioxidant substances that help restore the natural moisture of dry skin to increase its flexibility. Its application continues decreases the rough appearance and creates a protective barrier.

Our skin also changes

The skin is defined at birth, in fact the type of skin is usually the same throughout life. However, there are some aspects that will influence and cause it to be transformed.

The director of Integral Dermatology explains: “when we are born our skin is very thin and permeable to many substances or the sun’s rays. In addition, the dermis defenses have not been fully developed. ” Adolescence is marked by hormonal changes, during which many teenagers have acne, which can be alleviated with good hygiene and consultation with a specialist if necessary.

In adulthood the skin keeps changing, generating certain confusions about what its state is. In fact, people who are young have oily skin, with age dries up, although acne usually continues many times at any age with occasional outbreaks. On the other hand, dry skin during adolescence, tend to extreme dryness and crumble more easily and crumble. Therefore, it is good to change cosmetic products according to Viro.

In addition there are several factors that influence the possible changes of the skin . Sánchez talks about two types of factors: an endogenous one , whose main cause is the genetics that produces the reduction of the secretions of the sebaceous and sweat glands, the degeneration of the elastic fibers or the appearance of the atopic dermatitis; and another exogenous , such as ultraviolet rays, food, pollution, stress or lack of sleep.